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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王信旻,由兩種不同病徵型茉莉花上所獲得之茉莉花T病毒全長基因體之解序與分析,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學生化科技研究所,台中(2014)
  2. 王瑞章、江汶錦、吳雅芳、林棟樑、孫文章、陳昇寬 、彭瑞菊、鄭安秀、謝明憲、鍾瑞永,馬鈴薯栽培管理技術(2011)
  3. 林上湖、鍾文全、楊佐琦,台灣馬鈴薯產業 80 年之回顧與展望植物種苗 SEED&NURSERY (Taiwan):1-23 (2012)
  4. 林宜螢,由茉莉花 (Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait) 分離一種新potyvirus之特性研究,碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學植物保護系碩士班,屏東(2003)
  5. 行政院農業委員會,台中區農業改良場台中區農情月刊 (2000)
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