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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 李易昌(2015)。Buffet自助餐應關鍵服務因素之研究(出版碩士論文)。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系,雲林縣。
  2. 6. 李俊毅(2009)。租書消費之顧客價值探討:商圈形象觀點(碩士論文)。取自台灣博碩士論文系統。
  3. 9. 李錦珍(2010)。二維觀點下的量販店服務品質與顧客滿意(出版碩士論文)。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所,雲林縣。
  4. 11. 何培基、鍾寬和、張秀華(2013)。應用Kano二維品質模式與IPA探討國中學教育品質之屬性-以家長觀點分析。育達科大學報,36,143-160。
  5. 13. 余鑑、于俊傑、廖珮妏(2008)。連鎖餐飲業員工人格特質、工作特性、工作滿意度之研究-以美式星期五餐廳為例。台北科技大學學報,41(2),83-110。
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