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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adler, P. S. and S. W. Kwon. “Social Capital: Prospects for a New Concept,” Academy of Management Review 27, (2002): 17-40.
  2. Anderson, J. C. and D. W. Gerbing. “Structural Modeling in Practice: A Review and Recommended Two-step Approach,” Psychological Bulletin 103, (1988): 411-423.
  3. Andrews, K.M. and B.L. Delahaye. “Influence of Knowledge Process in Organizational Learning: The Psychosocial Filter.” Journal of Management Studies 37, no.6 (Sep 2000): 797-811.
  4. Bagozzi, R. P. and Y. Yi, “On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Models,” Journal of the
  5. Baker, W. Achieving Success through Social Capital: Tapping the Hidden Resource in Your Personal and Business Networks. San Francisco, CA.: Jossey-Bass, 2000.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 巫宛柔(2015)。桃園市國民中學教師覺知專業學習社群與教師個人學術樂觀之關聯性研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-131。 
  2. 李明蒼(2007)。我國軍事學校軍官知識分享意願與組織信任關係之研究─以陸軍兵科學校為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-209。
  3. 傅光華(2007)。國軍組織公平與知識分享意願關係之研究-以國防大學管理學院為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-122。
  4. 薛宇航(2008)。社會資本與就業政策:以多元就業開發方案為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2008。1-121。
  5. 柯淑惠(2008)。臺北市國民中學組織文化與教師知識分享意願關係之研究-以自然與生活科技領域教師為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2008。1-178。
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