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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹維玲、劉景中「金融自由化後臺灣銀行的效率及生產力」,經濟論文叢刊,第34卷2期,(2006):251–300。
  2. 劉景中,「銀行集中度與臺灣銀行業的獲利性及風險」,經濟論文叢刊,第36卷3期,(2007) :327-355。
  3. 劉景中,「銀行集中度與銀行市場競爭度與銀行風險-臺灣實證研究」,經濟論文叢刊,第37卷1期,(2009):101-135。
  4. 劉景中,「銀行集中度及效率對市場競爭度的影響-臺灣實證研究」,經濟論文叢刊,第39卷1期,(2011):115-173。
  5. Bah, R. and P. Dumontier, “R&D Intensity and Corporate Financial Policy: Some International Evidence”, Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, 28, (2001): 671-692.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李思瑩(2017)。各國銀行競爭性與集中度對其財務穩定性之影響。臺北商業大學國際商務系研究所學位論文。2017。1-53。
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