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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤淑如 (2011)。試析諮商中的「幸福」概念與處遇。哲學與文化,38(7),97-116。
  2. 王冠今、苗迺芳、陳鳳音、張玉梅、陳靜敏 (2009)。台灣社區老人的健康行爲及其相關因素研究。健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,(29),73-94。
  3. 王涵儀、楊哲銘、邱文達、陳正怡、郭家英 (2006)。都會區集體住宅50歲以上居民之健康需求。北市醫學雜誌,3(7),702 -712。
  4. 王靜怡、黃淑玲、葉志嶸、林宜泓(2011)。The effect of regular exercise, hypertension, and diabetes on cognitive function in older taiwanese adults over a two-year period。中山醫學雜誌,22(3), 281-287。
  5. 王麗惠、劉芹芳(2005)。生活品質概念分析於護理之應用。高雄護理雜誌,22(2),41-50。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹雅婷(2015)。家戶結構與台灣中老年人主觀幸福感相關性分析。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-104。 
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