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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王香蘋(2004)‧1999臺灣地區中老年人健康狀況之探討‧弘光學報,43,95-109。
  2. 戎瑾如(2003)‧中老年多元化心理健康促進策略與服務模式之發展與成效探討‧行政院衛生署國民健康局科技研究成果報告 (報告編號:DOH92-HP-1102),未出版。
  3. 朱哲生、葉慶輝(2010)‧老人憂鬱症‧家庭醫學與基層醫療,25(6),226-233。
  4. 江弘基、戴傳文、李明濱、王銘光、張文穎、蔡佩樺(2006)‧老人自殺問題‧臺灣醫學,10(3),353-361。
  5. 江信男(2004)‧罹病嚴重度、自覺健康、社會支持與臺灣地區老人憂鬱之關係(未發表的碩士論文)‧台南市:國立成功大學行為醫學研究所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 溫芯寧(Hsin‐Ning Wen);吳宏蘭(Hung‐Lan Wu);郭倩琳(Chien‐Lin Kuo);劉紋妙(Wen‐Miao Liu)(2015)。應用藝術創作改善長照機構老人憂鬱及提升自尊。護理暨健康照護研究。11(4)。267-276。 
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