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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淑瓊、徐慧娟、莊瑛智、張明正(1993).功能評估在台灣社區老人長期照護需求之應用‧中華.誌,15(1),533-545。
  2. 周碧琴、陳靜敏、盧美秀(2000)‧應用護理照護藍圖於居家腦中風病患照護之探討‧護理研究,8(2),249-259。
  3. 林公孚(2001)‧做好顧客滿意度的方法‧品質月刊,37(5),86-88。
  4. 林公孚(2005)‧以顧客為重奠服務品質之基‧品質月刊,41(5),18-23。
  5. 邱美汝(2001).長期照護機構老人的生活適應及相關因素之探討.未發表的碩士論文,私立中國醫藥學院,台中。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 牛貞君(2013)。機構內老年榮民人際親密和生命意義相關性之研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-112。 
  2. 呂雅惠(2010)。台灣地區中老年人長期生活滿意度研究。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2010。1-88。
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