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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署(2003-2006):衛生統計綜合統計。
  2. 江弘基、戴傳文、李明濱、王銘光、張文穎、蔡佩樺(2006):老人自殺問題。台灣醫學;10(3):353-361
  3. 江信男(2004):罹病嚴重度、自覺健康社會支持與台灣地區老人憂鬱之關係。國立成功大學醫學院行為醫學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳美惠、翁儷禛、李明濱等(2006):重鬱症病患社會支持、互惠性、衝突與憂鬱程度之相關性研究。台灣精神醫學;20(2):116-123
  5. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000):南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究。中華衛誌;19(1):50-58。
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范碧儒(2012)。以潛在類別模式分析影響台灣中老年人之憂鬱因子。成功大學經濟學系學位論文。2012。1-83。 
  2. 楊志勻(2010)。台灣工作相關心理壓力事件引起憂鬱症認定參考基準之建立與危險因子流行病學研究。成功大學環境醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-55。 
  3. 蔡馥好(2013)。中風者之憂鬱與宗教態度、宗教因應及靈性的關係:以本土宗教為例。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-108。 
  4. 蔣敏溱(2011)。老年人抽菸行為改變情形與憂鬱傾向關聯性研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-63。 
  5. 李婉蔆(2010)。台灣中老年人自覺壓力、社會支持和憂鬱傾向之相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-96。 
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