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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.王姿乃、章順仁、葛應欽(1994):原住民癌症標準化發生比1981-1987。高雄醫學科學雜誌,10:392-404。
  2. 3.王燕惠(2002)。台灣地區原住民嚼食檳榔、吸菸、喝酒使用盛行率及其健康危害意識調查。高雄醫學大學口腔衛生科學研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 8.石曜堂、葉金川、楊漢泉、羅紀瓊、張明正、吳正儀(1994):台灣地區國民自付醫療費用調查:1992 年國民醫療保健支出調查之初步發現。中華衛誌,13(6):473-83。
  4. 9.行政院衛生署:中華民國九十年衛生統計(一),台北,2002。
  5. 10.行政院衛生署:中華民國九十年衛生統計(二),台北,2002。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許瑩緜(2007)。部落的飲酒行為與其健康狀況及自覺家庭功能相關性探討--以邵族為例。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-144。
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