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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江玉娟、趙善如(2007)。原住民部落少年的生涯成熟與未來生涯抉擇-以屏東縣少年為例。東吳大學社會工作學報,16,79-122。
  2. 吳建明(2008)。非營利組織志工參與動機與組織承諾之研究-以台東縣救國團所屬社會基層志工為例。臺東大學區域政策與發展研究所公共事務管理在 職專班碩士論文,未出版,臺東。
  3. 呂朝賢(2002)。對我國志願服務法的若干反思與建議。臺大社會工作學刊,7,203-241。
  4. 李淑珺(2000)。志工實務手冊。張老師文化事業股份有限公司,台北。
  5. 尚憶薇、雷文谷(2005)。非營利性組織暑期夏令營學生志工參與動機及工作滿意度之調查。運動休閒管理學報,2(1),72-82。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉毓豪(2015)。工作輪調壓力對於組織公平與工作滿意之影響分析-以軍備局某工廠為例。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-86。 
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