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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(2012).101年第十一週內政統計通報.取自 [Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan, ROC, Department of Statistics. (2012). Ministry of the Interior statistical report for the 11th week of 2012. Retrieved from]
  2. 王文科、王智弘(2010).質的研究的信度和效度.彰化師大教育學報,17,29-50。[Wang, W. K., & Wang, C. H. (2010). Validity and reliability of qualitative research in education. Journal of Education National Changhua University of Education, 17, 29-50.]
  3. 邱淑玲、應立志、陳筱瑀(2010).從護理之家實務工作者觀點探討照顧服務員培訓課程之適用性.護理暨健康照護研究,6(3),209-218。[Chiu, S. L., Ying, L. C., & Chen, H. Y. (2010). The appropriateness of nursing aides training program: The perspective of nursing home staff. Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research, 6(3), 209-218.] doi:10.6225/JNHR.6.3.209
  4. 張宜菁、陳鳳音、李建璋、吳淑瓊(2006).台灣老人皮膚病門診服務的使用:全國剖析.中華皮膚科醫學雜誌,24(3),171-180。[Chang, I. J., Chen, F. I., Lee, C. C., & Wu, S. C. (2006). Dermatological outpatient services utilization among the elderly in Taiwan: A national profile. Dermatologic Sinica, 24(3), 171-180.]
  5. 張美華、許麗齡(2010).多媒體教材介入對護理人員心電圖學習之成效.護理雜誌,57(4),50-58。[Chang, M. H., & Hsu, L. L. (2010). Multimedia instruction: Its efficacy in nurse electrocardiography learning. The Journal of Nursing, 57(4), 50-58.] doi:10.6224/JN.57.4.50
Times Cited ( 1 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳秋曲(Chiu-Chu Chen);林詣茜(Yi-Qian Lin);郭志強(Chih-Chiang Kuo);陳瓊瑤(Chiung-Yao Chen);林玉茹(Yu-Ju Lin)(2019)。降低肝膽腸胃科病房非計畫性週邊靜脈留置針重注率之改善專案。榮總護理。36(2)。143-151。 
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