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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張耀文、高東煒、高森永、羅慶徽、周稚傑(2009)‧居家照護之老年管灌病人不適合磨碎藥物的處方分析‧台灣家庭醫學雜誌,19(1),36–48。[Chang, Y. W., Kao, T. W., Kao, S. Y., Loh, C. H., & Chou, C. C. (2009). A study shows that medications should not be crushed in elderly home care patients with nasogastric tubes. Taiwan Journal of Family Medicine, 19(1), 36–48.]
  2. Boyd, C. M., Darer, J., Boult, C., Fried, L. P., Boult, L., & Wu, A. W. (2005). Clinical practice guidelines and quality of care for older patients with multiple comorbid diseases: Implications for pay for performance. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 294(6), 716–724.
  3. Chen, C. Y. (2010). Meeting the challenges of eldercare in Taiwan's aging society. Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics, 1(1), 2–4.
  4. Chen, L. K., Chen, Y. M., Hwang, S. J., Peng, L. N., Lin, M. H., Lee, W. J., & Lee, C. H. (2010). Effectiveness of community hospital-based post-acute care on functional recovery and 12-month mortality in older patients: A prospective cohort study. Annals of Medicine, 42(8), 630–636.
  5. Chen, L. K., Peng, L. N., Lin, M. H., Lai, H. Y., Hwang, S. J., & Lan, C. F. (2010). Predicting mortality of older residents in long-term care facilities: Comorbidity or care problems? Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 11(8), 567–571.
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳儀倩(2018)。居家醫療整合照護模式新契機。彰化護理。25(3)。5-11。 
  2. 郭文福(Wen-Fu Kuo);柯雅婷(Ya-Ting Ke)(2016)。推動登革熱整合照護模式之歷程。護理雜誌。63(4)。135-139。 
  3. 游詠晨(Yung-Chen YU);張瑩如(Ying-Ju CHANG);胡芳文(Fang-Wen HU)(2022)。台灣高齡個案管理師之角色職責與核心能力建構。護理雜誌。69(1)。51-62。 
  4. 林淑惠(2016)。腦中風病患轉介急性後期照護後整體功能狀態之成效探討。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2016。1-67。
  5. 洪永男(2017)。高齡產業商業模式創新之分類、發展與驗證-服務設計取向。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2017。1-199。
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