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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李幸玲(2005).以大愛布施-由《華嚴經》內財布施論「器官捐贈」.玄奘佛學研究,3,31–53。[Lee, H. L. (2005). Offerings with Bodhisattva's pity--A topical subject of “organ donation” according reflecting to ”offering inner properties” of Huayanjing. Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhist Studies, 3, 31–53.]
  2. 衛生福利部(2014).民國102年主要死因分析.取自 [Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan, ROC. (2014). Analysis on the causes of death in 2013. Retrieved from]
  3. Arriola, K., Powell, C., Thompson, N., Perryman, J., & Basu, M. (2014). Living donor transplant education for African American patients with end-stage renal disease. Progress in Transplantation, 24(4), 362–370. doi:10.7182/pit2014830
  4. Barnieh, L., McLaughlin, K., Manns, B. J., Klarenbach, S., Yilmaz, S., & Hemmelgarn, B. R. (2011). Barriers to living kidney donation identified by eligible candidates with end-stage renal disease. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 26(2), 732–738. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfq388
  5. Hanson, C. S., Chadban, S. J., Chapman, J. R., Craig, J. C., Wong G., Ralph, A. F., & Tong, A. (2015). The expectations and attitudes of patients with chronic kidney disease toward living kidney donor transplantation: A thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. Transplantation, 99(3), 540–554. doi:10.1097/TP.0000000000000433
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭采宸(Cai-Chen Jheng);梁珮芸(Pei-Yun Liang);施沛伶(Pei-Ling Shih);蘇淑女(Shu-Nu Su);吳律嫺(Lu-Shien Wu)(2021)。提升移植病人手部衛生正確率。彰化護理。28(3)。24-35。 
  2. 魏漢源(2017)。B型肝炎和新發糖尿病對腎移植患者的影響:台灣健保資料庫研究。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2017。1-54。
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