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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王秋燕、黃恆祥(2003)。運動員運動道德的認知與實踐:「知」與「行」的省思。大專體育學刊,5(2),1-10。
    2. 張淑卿(2002)。體育運動中道德之發展。中華體育季刊,16(2),87-93。
    3. 黃致傑、陳鎰明(2005)。國內運動道德之現況與推展策略探討。大專體育,76,54-59。
    4. Bandura, A.(1999).Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities.Personality and Social Psychology Review,3,193-209.
    5. Bandura, A.,Barbaranelli, C.,Caprara, G. V.,Pastorelli, C.(1996).Mechanisms of moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,71,364-374.
    Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 羅新興、梁成明(2016)。環境倫理教育對節能減碳行為傾向的影響—環保道德情緒與環保道德解離的中介效果。管理與法遵,1(1),11-36。
    2. 羅新興、謝加娣、梁成明(2017)。環境教育對節能減碳傾向影響的心理歷程分析:相依我及環境集體責任的調節效果。管理與法遵,2(2),17-46。
    3. 羅新興、黃品瑜、王彥蓁(2017)。環境教育對企業唯利是圖觀點的影響-環保道德解離之中介效果。中原企管評論,15(1),25-38。
    4. 羅鴻仁、蔡俊傑、管世弘(2012)。運動道德解離量表之編製。大專體育學刊,14(1),40-53。
    5. 鄭溫暖、潘敏(2014)。大專運動員於競技情境中之道德脫離:量表編製與現況分析。成大體育,46(1),13-33。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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