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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂宛蓁(2011)。計畫行為理論於健身運動領域之應用。中華體育季刊,25(2),290-296。
  2. 林錫波(2009)。以計畫行為理論及階段行為改變模式探討大學生在中華職棒之觀賞意圖。大專體育學刊,11(2),57-68。
  3. 張俊一、許建民(2008)。影響學童參與暑期運動育樂營意圖之研究─以新竹市國小五年級為例。國立臺灣體育大學論叢,19(2),73-87。
  4. 黃翠瑛、黃琇屏、陳霖瑩、陳泓均(2012)。影響消費者購買生技保健食品之因素探討。管理實務與理論研究,6(1),99-121。
  5. Ajzen, I. (2007). Construction of a standardized questionnaire for the theory of planned behavior. Unpublished manuscript. Retrieved September 23, 2011, from
Times Cited ( 10 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭荻(2015)。國中生霸凌旁觀者助人行為意圖評估-計畫行為理論之運用。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-101。 
  2. 呂俊毅(2017)。以計劃性行為理論探討遊客參與生態旅遊之意願:以刺激尋求特質作為干擾變數。中原大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2017。1-51。 
  3. 邢益琴(2017)。臨床研究護理師指導新進人員意願之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-141。 
  4. 陳明宏(Ming-Hung Chen)(2018)。籃球系隊行動模式—自我效能調節效果之研究。運動休閒管理學報。15(1)。61-77。 
  5. 郭國隆(Kuo-Lung Kuo)(2016)。大學生觀賞大專排球聯賽行為傾向模式之實證研究。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊。15(2)。53-67。 
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