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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宜珍、吳肖琪、李蘭(2005)。台灣北部國小四年級學童曾經發生自殺意念之相關因素研究。台灣衛誌,24(6),471-482。
  2. 吳齊殷、李文傑(2003)。青少年憂鬱症狀與偏差行為併發之關係機制。台灣社會學,6,119-175。
  3. 李美枝(2001)。手足與朋友關係的內涵與功能:從猩種與人種的表現看演化的藍圖與文化的加工。本土心理學研究,16,135-182。
  4. 沈瓊桃(2005)。兒童知覺的雙重家庭暴力經驗與其適應行為之相關研究。中華心理衛生學刊,18(1),25-64。
  5. 周玉慧、朱瑞玲(2008)。變遷中的台灣民眾心理需求、疏離感與身心困擾。臺灣社會學刊,41,59-95。
Times Cited ( 5 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴怡婷(2015)。國中生復原力對緊張因素、負向情緒與偏差行為間關係之影響。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-121。 
  2. 林素菁(2013)。低自我控制與自殺之關聯性研究-以藥物施用者為例。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2013。1-110。
  3. 譚子文(2014)。依附關係、低自我控制、接觸偏差同儕及認同非法手段與青少年偏差行為關係之縱貫性研究。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-272。
  4. 林漢堂(2014)。基層警察人員問題飲酒行為因素之研究 — 一般化緊張理論之驗證。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-214。
  5. 蔡東敏(2015)。台灣城鄉地區國中生偏差行為之比較—以Agnew一般化緊張理論之分析。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-107。
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