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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.田芳華、傅祖壇(2009)。大學多元入學制度:學生家庭社經背景與學業成就之比較。教育科學研究期刊,54(1),209-233。 【Tien, F.-H., & Fu, T.-T. (2009). Multi-channel college entrance system: Relationship between family background, academic achievement and entrance channels. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 54(1), 209-233. 】
  2. 4.江淑美(2002)。清代臺灣客家子弟教育研究(1684-1895)(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。 【Chiang, S.-M. (2002). A study on Hakka education in Ching Taiwan (1684-1895) (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan.】
  3. 6.李佩嬛、黃毅志(2011)。原漢族群、家庭背景與高中職入學考試基測成績、教育分流:以臺東縣為例。教育科學研究期刊,56(1),193-226。 【Lee, P.-H., & Hwang, Y.-J. (2011). Aboriginals and Hans, family background and their relationship with the basic competence test, and educational tracking: A study in Taitung. Journal of Research in Educational Sciences, 56(1), 193-226. 】
  4. 10.宋曜廷、邱佳民、劉欣宜、曾芬蘭、陳柏熹(2009)。以國中基本學力測驗成績探討班級規模效應。教育科學研究期刊,54(2),59-83。 【Sung, Y.-T., Chiou, J.-M., Liu, H.-Y., Tseng, F.-L., & Chen, P.-H. (2009). Investigating the class size effect in junior high schools through students' basic competence test scores. Journal of Research in Education Sciences, 54(2), 59-83. 】
  5. 11.林大森、陳憶芬(2006)。臺灣高中生參加補習之效益分析。教育研究集刊,52(4),35-70。 【Lin, D.-S., & Chen, Y.-F. (2006). Cram school attendance and college entrance exam scores of senior high school students in Taiwan. Bulletin of Educational Research, 52(4), 35-70.】
Times Cited ( 2 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃贊文(2017)。整合親師關係與家長關係:班級社會資本對學生學習表現的影響。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2017。1-69。 
  2. 黃瓊儀(Chiung-Yi Huang);吳怡慧(I-Hwey Wu);游錦雲(Ching-Yun Yu)(2015)。國中身心障礙學生家庭社經地位、社會資本、文化資本、財務資本與學習成果之關係研究。教育科學研究期刊。60(4)。129-160。 
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