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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

In order to provide readers the forefront academic information, after articles are accepted to publish in the journal, we publish them in network before they're printed. Those "on-line first articles" are called the "preprint articles". The preprint articles do not have volume No., page No., publication date, but can be identified by the DOI number. 「 」 Link to the latest version of the article.

How to cite Preprint Articles?

Please use the online publication date and the DOI number of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Cited example (may vary with different formats you cited):

Author name. Article name. Journal name. YYYY/MM/DD online publish in advance.

doi:DOI Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Farh, J. L.,Cheng, B. S.,J. T. Li(Eds.),A. S. Tsui(Eds.),E. Weldon (Eds.)(2000).Management and organizations in the Chinese context.London:MacMillan.
  2. 林鉦棽、彭台光(2006)。多層次管理研究:分析層次的概念、理論和方法。管理學報,12,649-675。
  3. 鄭伯勳、周麗芳、黃敏萍、樊景立、彭泗清(2003)。家長式領導的三元模式:中國大陸企業組織的證據。本土心理學研究,20,209-250。
  4. 鄭伯勳、周麗芳、樊景立(2000)。家長式領導:三元模式的建構與測量。本土心理學研究,14,3-64。
  5. Aguinis, H.(1995).Statistical power problems with moderated multiple regression in management research.Journal of Management,21,1141-1158.
Times Cited ( 11 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝仲芸(2010)。個人價值觀與知識分享之關係:團隊賦權氣候之影響。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-60。 
  2. 陳依琪(2011)。組織文化,病人安全文化,與病人安全績效多層次模型之研究。元智大學管理學院博士班學位論文。2011。1-250。 
  3. 邱淑美(2011)。團隊學習與創新對人力資源專業人員職能發展與工作績效影響之跨層次研究。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-39。
  4. 李純誼(2011)。性靈領導在華人文化研究之初探。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2011。1-104。
  5. 謝琬琪(2012)。轉型領導、正向心理資本、知覺組織支持對變革承諾之跨層次分析。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2012。1-69。
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