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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。



Data Source: Academic Citation Index (ACI)
As Taiwan's largest Citation Index, we currently have on record all Humanities, and Sociology journals that were published in Taiwan. The number of periodicals that are published on a regular basis total around 400 different types. If periodicals that were added to the collection but then halted are counted as well, the number of periodicals total over 500 types. Every year we announce the recorded periodicals' impact factor, etc. to the public, and allow scholars utilize our materials to carry out academic research for free.

Impact Factor: The statistic indicating the average number of times a journal's articles published in the past two years have been cited in the counting year.
Formula: (Number of cites in counting year to articles published in the span of two years ) ÷ (Number of articles published in the span of two years)
Example: The impact factor in 2010 (determined in 2011)
In 2009, Journal A published 15 articles, and these 15 articles were cited 20 times in 2010.
In 2008, Journal A published 16 articles, and these 16 articles were cited 30 times in 2010.
→ →2010's Impact Factor = (20+30) ÷ (15+16) = 1.61 =(20+30)÷(15+16)≒1.61


What is "Preprint"?

To provide readers with the forefront academic information, articles that have been accepted for publication in journals and published online before the printed version are known as "preprint articles", which increase the article's exposure. Preprint articles do not have volume, page numbers, or publication dates yet, but can be identified by their DOI number. The DOI number is a digital identification number for literature. Both preprint and officially published articles will be assigned a DOI number. Through database integration, readers can easily follow the complete publication process of the article by clicking on the DOI link 「 Number

How to cite Preprint Articles?

You can use the year it was published onlineand DOI link of the preprint article to cite the literature.

Here is an example of a citation (based on APA 7th edition, which may vary depending on different citation format standards):

Author name (year of online preprint article). Article title. Journal name. Number

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方婷玉(2010)。《我國育嬰留職停薪津貼政策之探討:以台北縣市女性申 請者為例》。國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。 【Fang, T.-Y. (2010). Exploring the domestic parental leave allowance policy: Take female applicants in Taipei county as examples (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.】
  2. 毛萬儀、黃迺毓(2010)。〈初任父親第一年父職經驗歷程之研究-以六位 大專教育程度父親為例〉,《人類發展與家庭學報》,12,31-53。 【Mau, W.-Y., & Huang, N.-Y. (2010). The first-time father’s paternal experience during the child’s first year of life-case studies for six fathers with college education. Journal of Human Development and Family Studies, 12, 31-53.】
  3. 王舒芸、余漢儀(1997)。〈奶爸難為-雙薪家庭之父職角色初探〉,《婦 女與兩性學刊》,8,115-149。 【Wang, S.-Y., & Yu, H.-Y. (1997). Fatherhood in dual-wage family. Journal of Women and Gender Studies, 8, 115-149.】
  4. 王叢桂(2000)。〈促進參與父職因素的探討〉,《應用心理研究》,6,131-171。 【Wang, C.-K. (2000). An exploratory study on the formation of child-rearing fatherhood. Research in Applied Psychology, 6, 131-171.】
  5. 史倩玲(2012 年8 月14 日)。〈性別刻板分工 職業婦女三頭燒〉。《臺灣 立報》。取自 【Shih, C.-L. (2012, August 14). The gender stereotype of the division of housework in Taiwan. Lihpao Daily. Retrieved from】
Times Cited ( 6 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳螢(2016)。我國生育津貼成效之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2016。1-107。 
  2. 連翊蘋(2017)。新好男人嗎?探討男性作為家庭主要照顧者的角色平衡。國立臺灣大學社會工作學系學位論文。2017。1-178。 
  3. 陳昭如(Chao-Ju Chen)(2016)。從義務到權利:新舊母性主義下母性保護制度的轉向與重構。臺大法學論叢。45(S)。1096-1162。 
  4. 余維誠(2015)。公務人員育嬰留職停薪措施:以雲林縣衛生局暨所屬衛生所為例。中正大學政治學系政府與公共事務碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-100。
  5. 梁芷榕(2016)。美國親職假相關法制之研究─兼論我國相關法制未來應有之發展。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-124。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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