Title

失智症家庭使用長期照顧服務的情形與不使用的原因

Translated Titles

Long-term care services use and reasons for non-use by elders with dementia and their families

DOI

10.6288/TJPH201736106026

Authors

施姵宇(PEI-YU SHIH);古鯉榕(LI-JUNG ELIZABETH KU);白明奇(MING-CHYI PAI);劉立凡(LI-FAN LIU)

Key Words

失智症 ; 長期照顧 ; 外籍看護工 ; 服務使用 ; dementia ; long-term care ; foreign care worker ; service use

PublicationName

台灣公共衛生雜誌

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

36卷4期(2017 / 08 / 15)

Page #

375 - 385

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

目標:分析失智症家庭使用長期照顧服務的情形與影響使用的因素,並探討家庭照顧者不使用長照服務的原因。方法:收案對象為台南某醫學中心失智症門診之病人及家庭照顧者共231組;以結構式的問卷與照顧者進行電話訪談。結果:失智者使用長照服務的比率僅8%,遠低於使用看護工的35%,或未使用任何服務的57%。失智者未使用服務的主因是照顧者不覺得失智者有需要使用服務(64%)、其次是照顧者表示服務項目不適合患者(20%)。至於未曾使用家庭照顧者支持服務的主因,是照顧者缺少相關服務的資訊(56%)。邏輯斯迴歸分析顯示使用服務的照顧者的長照資源相關資訊顯著高於未使用者(OR=1.76, 95% CI=1.19-2.61),但失智者特性包括認知功能和身體功能嚴重度皆與使用看護工顯著相關。結論:本研究的失智者和其家庭照顧者使用長照服務的比率皆偏低,由於照顧者缺少相關服務的資訊,建議政府應加強宣導,並提供更多給家庭照顧者的支持服務,才能在雇用看護工的方式之外,以多元的服務來滿足失智症全家照護的需求。

English Abstract

Objectives: The goals of this study were to describe the pattern and predictors of long-term care (LTC) services utilization elders with dementia and their families, and to determine reasons for non-use of LTC services. Methods: The study sample included 231 elders with dementia and caregiver dyads recruited from a dementia clinic at a medical center in Tainan. Caregivers were interviewed via telephone using a structured questionnaire. Results: The LTC services use rate was 8% among the sample, 35% hired foreign care workers, and 57% did not use any LTC services. The main reasons given for families not using LTC services were the perceived lack of need (64%), followed by the service not meeting the patient’s needs (20%). The main reason for not using caregiver support services was caregivers being unaware of the availability of services (56%). Logistic regression results showed that knowledge about LTC resources (OR=1.76, 95% CI=1.19-2.61) was the only significant predictor of LTC services use, while the patient’s level of cognitive impairment and physical disability were significant predictors of hiring a foreign care worker. Conclusions: Because the utilization rates of LTC services by elders with dementia and their caregivers were low, and the main reason for non-use was due to caregivers being unaware of services, we recommend that the government strengthen educational campaigns for family caregivers and provide caregiver support services. There should be more choices regarding LTC services available to families caring for an elder with dementia in addition to hiring a foreign care worker.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 預防保健與衛生學
醫藥衛生 > 社會醫學
Reference
  1. 黃郁超、吳建賢、張淑惠、陳雅美(2016)。外籍看護與家庭照顧者對接受居家照顧老人住院與死亡風險之差異。台灣衛誌,35,304-15。
    連結:
  2. 衛生福利部:台灣的失智症長照服務資源量能QA。ttp://www.mohw.gov.tw/cht/LTC/DM1_P.aspx?f_list_no=903&fod_list_no=5572&doc_no=52348。引用2017/06/26。Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Q&A about Taiwan's long-term service resources and capabilities for dementia care. Available at: http://www.mohw.gov.tw/cht/LTC/DM1_P.aspx?f_list_no=903&fod_list_no=5572&doc_no=52348. Accessed June 26, 2017. [In Chinese]
  3. 衛生福利部社會及家庭署:日常生活功能受損定義。http://e-care.sfaa.gov.tw/MOI_HMP/HMPa001/eval.action。引用2017/06/26。Social and Family Affairs Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Definition of impaired daily life function. Available at: http://e-care.sfaa.gov.tw/MOI_HMP/HMPa001/eval.action. Accessed June 26, 2017. [In Chinese]
  4. 衛生福利部中央健康保險署:藥品給付規定。http://www.nhi.gov.tw/webdata/webdata.aspx?menu=20&menu_id=710&WD_ID=812&webdata_id=2919。引用2017/06/26。National Health Insurance Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C. (Taiwan). Drug payment regulation. Available at: http://www.nhi.gov.tw/webdata/webdata.aspx?menu=20&menu_id=710&WD_ID=812&webdata_id=2919. Accessed June 26, 2017. [In Chinese]
  5. Brodaty, H,Thomson, C,Thompson, C,Fine, M(2005).Why caregivers of people with dementia and memory loss don't use services.Int J Geriatr Psychiatr,20,537-46.
  6. Buyck, JF,Bonnaud, S,Boumendil, A(2011).Informal caregiving and self-reported mental and physical health: results from the gazel cohort study.Am J Public Health,101,1971-9.
  7. Cummings, JL,Mega, M,Gray, K,Rosenberg-Thompson, S,Carusi, DA,Gornbein, J(1994).The Neuropsychiatric Inventory comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia.Neurology,44,2308-14.
  8. Etters, L,Goodall, D,Harrison, BE(2008).Caregiver burden among dementia patient caregivers: a review of the literature.J Am Acad Nurse Pract,20,423-8.
  9. Janssen, N,Handels, RL,Koehler, S(2016).Combinations of service use types of people with early cognitive disorders.J Am Med Dir Assoc,17,620-5.
  10. Kim, H,Chang, M,Rose, K,Kim, S(2012).Predictors of caregiver burden in caregivers of individuals with dementia.J Adv Nurs,68,846-55.
  11. Lim, J,Goh, J,Chionh, HL,Yap, P(2012).Why do patients and their families not use services for dementia? Perspectives from a developed Asian country.Int Psychogeriatr,24,1571-80.
  12. Lin, WC,Tsai, CF,Wang, SJ,Hwang, JP,Fuh, JL(2012).Comparison of the burdens of family caregivers and foreign paid caregivers of the individuals with dementia.Int psychogeriatr,24,1953-61.
  13. Mahoney, FI,Barthel, DW(1965).Functional evaluation: the Barthel Index.Md State Med J,14,61-5.
  14. Mahoney, R,Regan, C,Katona, C,Livingston, G(2005).Anxiety and depression in family caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease: the LASER-AD study.Am J Geriatr Psychiatry,13,795-801.
  15. Mast, ME(2013).To use or not to use: a literature review of factors that influence family caregivers' use of support services.J Gerontol Nurs,39,20-8.
  16. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development=OECD(2005).Long-Term Care for Older People.Paris:OECD Publishing.
  17. Prince, M,Prina, M,Guerchet, M(2013).Journey of Caring: An Analysis of Long-Term Care for Dementia.London:Alzheimer's Disease International.
  18. Robinson, KM,Buckwalter, K,Reed, D(2013).Differences between dementia caregivers who are users and nonusers of community services.Public Health Nurs,30,501-10.
  19. Shyu, YI,Yip, PK(2001).Factor structure and explanatory variables of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for elderly persons in Taiwan.J Formos Med Assoc,100,676-83.
  20. 吳勁儫、陳雅美(2014)。失智老人家庭雇用外籍看護工之經驗。長期照護雜誌,18,95-112。
  21. 呂寶靜(2005)。支持家庭照顧者的長期照護政策之構思。國家政策季刊,4,25-40。
  22. 林克能、劉秀枝(2003)。臨床失智評量表。台灣神經學學會神經學雜誌,12,154-65。
  23. 邱銘章、陳達夫、王培寧(2013)。衛生福利部委託科技研究計畫衛生福利部委託科技研究計畫,台北=Taipei:衛生福利部=Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C. (Taiwan)。
  24. 陳正芬(2013)。我國長期照顧體系欠缺的一角:照顧者支持服務。社區發展季刊,141,203-13。
  25. 湯麗玉、吳沛錡、李會珍、洪心平(2013)。瑞智互助家庭-失智症共同居家照護方案。長期照護雜誌,17,1-9。
  26. 齊于箴、劉芳、蕭伃伶(2017)。照顧服務員的失智症照護知識與態度之探討。長期照護雜誌,21,37-52。
  27. 蔣佳祝(2010)。台中=Taichung,亞洲大學健康產業管理學系=Department of Healthcare Administration, Asia University。
Times Cited
  1. 傅健豪、林翠芳(2017)。從美國經驗探討台灣長期照護制度改革。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,36(6),531-544。