Title

領導情境的結構化取向

Translated Titles

The Structural Orientation of Leadership Situation

Authors

張國輝(Guo - Huei Chang)

Key Words

情境 ; 結構化 ; situation ; structural

PublicationName

明新學報

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

43卷2期(2019 / 07 / 01)

Page #

27 - 43

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

為了填補特質論和行為論的缺陷,今日從事領導研究的學者們開始注意到「情境」的重要性,然而「情境」本身就是一個很大的命題,在理論或實務方面還有個體與組織的關聯性(interrelatedness)、過去與現在的連續性(continuity)、以及個別行為的能動性(agency)等盲點有待釐清。此外,在全球化以及後現代思潮的衝擊之下,原本在社會結構中維持秩序的約束逐漸寬鬆、理性的共識也逐漸分歧模糊,領導理論的發展對於「情境」的了解與掌握,應該從如何測量情境的方法層面,提升到如何看待情境的認識層面。本文以Giddens的結構化理論為基礎,主要在論述動態的、秩序的以及連續的等不同的情境觀,並稱之為「情境的結構化取向」。

English Abstract

To further supplement in both theory and practice, nowadays scholars engaged in leadership research have gradually paid their attention to the importance of "situation". However, "situation" itself is a big issue, and there are some views should be think deeply, such as the interrelatedness between individuals and organizations, the continuity of past and present, and agency of individual behavior. In addition, as the impact of globalization and post-modernism, the constraints that maintaining the social structure are gradually loose, and the rational consensus is gradually divergent. Leadership researcher should shift their perspective of cognize the situation, from how to measuring it to how to understanding it, so that enhance the development of theory. Based on the Structuration Theory (Giddens,1984), this paper had an argument about the cognition of situation with a perspective of dynamic, orderly and continuous, and calls it the "structural orientation of situation."

Topic Category 人文學 > 人文學綜合
基礎與應用科學 > 基礎與應用科學綜合
工程學 > 工程學綜合
社會科學 > 社會科學綜合