Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于乃茂,2006。「台灣自行車產業市場結構、行為與績效之研究」。碩士論文,
  2. 李欣臻,2011。「推動WTO自行車部門別自由化之機會與挑戰」,『經濟前瞻』,2卷,133期,56-61。
  3. 灣經濟金融月刊』,36卷,11期,89-97。
  4. 李俊坤,2008。「產業群聚地區的群體經營績效分析研究─以台灣自行車產業為
  5. 林靜儀,2004。「台灣地區製造業市場集中度、廣告密集度與利潤率關係之探討」,
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊秉璋(2014)。我國自行車產業集群外移中國大陸的轉型與升級。嶺東科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-79。 
  2. 許芫綺(2011)。台商赴中國大陸投資技術取得來源對海外子公司經營績效之影響。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2011。1-64。
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