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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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    Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡宗珍,2006,〈營業自由之保障及限制―最高行政法院2005年11月22日庭長法官聯席會議決議評釋〉,收於《行政法實務與理論(二)》,林明鏘、蔡茂寅主編,元照出版股份有限公司,頁3-39。
    2. 蔡震榮,2004,〈行政罰法草案之探討〉,收於《戰鬥的法律人-林山田教授退休祝賀論文集》,元照出版股份有限公司,頁231-259。
    3. 李介民,2012,〈危害防止措施行使的合法性-兼論最高法院101年度判字第58號判決〉,《法令月刊》,第63卷第11期,頁23-48。
    4. 李惠宗,2007,地方自治與行政罰法之關連性分析,中國地方自治,60(5),頁4-15。
    5. 林明昕,2014,〈2013年行政法發展回顧:兼論2012年情形〉,《臺大法學論叢》,第43卷特刊,頁1075-1125。
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