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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淯汶、張瑩如(2015).發展性照護之理論發展與研究趨勢.護理雜誌,62(5),89-95.doi:10.6224/JN.62.5.89
  2. 李延慧、黃鈴雅、沈青青、彭雪芳(2012).餵食母乳減緩新生兒接受侵入性措施時疼痛之實證臨床應用.榮總護理,29(4),344-350.doi:10.6142/VGHN.29.4.344
  3. 林秀儀(2014).3/4俯臥措施對緩解早產兒足跟穿刺疼痛之成效(碩士論文).取自台灣博碩士論文系統http://handle.ncl.edu.tw/11296/ndltd/92830677918630404540
  4. 何昭霆(2012).探討袋鼠式護理對住院早產兒母嬰分離期間行為狀態穩定性與對母親依附關係之影響(碩士論文).取自台灣博碩士論文系統http://handle.ncl.edu.tw/11296/ndltd/48312445248426298122
  5. 洪羚孆(2011).臺北市國小高年級學童口腔保健行為及其相關因素研究-健康信念模式之應用 (碩士論文).取自台灣博碩士論文系統http://handle.ncl.edu.tw/11296/ndltd/56262338414065209612
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