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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Carina, G. and Per-Anders, H.(2004)“Optimisation of field machinery for an arable farm converting to organic farming.”Agricultural System80,85-103.
  2. 4. J. Terrados, G. Almonacid, L. Hontoria, 2007, Regional energy planning through SWOT analysis and strategic planning tools Impact on renewables development. Renewable and Sustainable and sustainable Energy Reviews.11, 1275-1287.
  3. 5. Timothy,J.D.,Willian,A.M. and Kenneth, A.F.(1997)“Production costs and input substitution in Zimbabwe’s smalholder agriculture.”Agricultural Econnomics 17:201-09.
  4. 5. 行政院農委員會農糧署(2005)中華民國九十四年農產品生產成本調查報告,行政院農業委員會農糧署,台灣台北。
  5. 9. 孫圃芬(2004)「柿生產成與收益簡要分析」,農業世界雜誌。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張啟鴻(2017)。國際工程服務業跨國市場策略:以A公司煉油石化工程個案為例。臺灣大學事業經營碩士在職學位學程學位論文。2017。1-75。 
  2. 黃森源(2011)。肥料種類與施肥時間對茶葉產量影響之比較。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-37。
  3. 鄭毓穎(2013)。台灣有機蔬菜銷售通路組織之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-108。
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