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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 何旭初(2007)。〈市場導向新聞學之思維與運作:《蘋果日報》個案分析〉,《中華傳播學刊》,11:243-273。
  2. 11. 李美華(2005)。〈從國際新聞流通理論探討台灣報紙國際新聞報導內容之轉變〉,《新聞學研究》,85:111-139。
  3. 14. 林照真(2011)。〈新瓶裝「假」酒?:有關新媒體置入性行銷的分析與批判〉。2011,中華傳播學刊。20:95-114。
  4. 17. 洪貞玲、廖雅琴、林舫如(2008)。〈國際新聞的國內化與小報化—以我國報紙報導WTO香港會議為例〉,《中華傳播學刊》,14:77-114。
  5. 23. 陳韜文、李金銓、潘忠黨、蘇鑰機(2002)。〈國際新聞的「馴化」:香港回歸報導比較研究〉,《新聞學研究》,73:1-27。
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