Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.吳信璋,第三方支付法制研究,台灣大學科技整合法律璇研究所,碩士論文,2014年7月。
  2. 5.李祐任,大陸第三方支付發展對台灣發展電子支付業務之影響,淡江大學國際企業學系國際行銷碩士在職專班,碩士論文,2016年6月。
  3. 6.施佩君,第三方支付瀛台發展及戰略創新研究-以阿里巴巴為例,國立中山大學財務管理學系研究所,碩士論文,2015年6月。
  4. 9.張家銘,台灣遊戲產業發展之危機與轉機,國立中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班,碩士論文,2015年7月。
  5. 12.陳勇豪,中國大陸電子商務交易流程分析-以淘寶網為例,淡江大學中國大陸研究所,碩士論文,2013年1月。
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