Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山(2008)。你的111在那裏?打造臺北優質新教育。師友月刋,494,
  2. 李琪明(2003a)。德行取向之品德教育理論與實踐。哲學與文化,351,153-174。
  3. 李琪明(2003b)。我國國中小校園道德氣氛之調查研究。國科會專家研究報告(NSC90-2413-H-003-007)。臺北市:國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系。
  4. 李琪明(2003c)。正義、關懷與紀律--國小校園道德生活與氣氛之個案研究。公民訓育學報,13,21-46。
  5. 李琪明(2004)。品德本位校園文化之營造--美國推動經驗與啟示。臺灣教育,625,30-38。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林志晟(2013)。新北市國中導師以品德聯絡簿推動品德教育核心價值之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-178。 
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