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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 170 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Brands & Leo, The Law and Regulation of Telecommunications Carriers, Boston: Artech House (1999).
  2. 3. Robert W. Crandall, Competition and Chaos: U.S. Telecommunications since the 1996 Telecom Act, Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution (2005).
  3. 4. Kenneth C. Creech, Electronic Media Law and Regulation, Massachusetts: Focal Press (5th. ed. 2007).
  4. 5. Emeritz, et al., The Telecommunications Act of 1996: Law & Legislative History, Maryland: Pike & Fischer (1996).
  5. 9. Jonathan E. Nuechterlein and Philip J. Weiser, Digital Crossroads: American Telecommunications Policy in the Internet Age, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press (2005).
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王牧寰(2011)。美國有線電視法之節目取得與載送規則之研究。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程學位論文。2011。1-242。 
  2. 張燁峰(2013)。兩岸數位匯流之IPTV產業發展研究─兼論數位影音內容衍生之著作權問題。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-160。 
  3. 邱怡菁(2011)。從數位化發展探討有線電視經營區之修正。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程學位論文。2011。1-115。
  4. 朱卉愉(2017)。探討外科加護病房環境改善於預防譫妄及睡眠品質之成效。中山醫學大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-75。
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