Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玫晴(2006)。〈線上合購之消費者價值認知結構〉。國立成功大學國際企業研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺南市。
  2. 王韻、李雀萍(2010)。〈大型購物中心之商圈特色與消費者生活型態對消費行為之影響研究-以統一夢時代購物中心為例〉。《紡織綜合研究期刊》,20(3),55-65。
  3. 白滌清、洪毓甡、張馨月(2008)。〈探討臺灣地區生活型態與消費趨勢〉。《臺灣經濟研究月刊》,31(12),29-36。
  4. 何慶燕(2010)。〈休閒動機與休閒生活型態對自覺健康的影響-以臺南縣國民中學教師為例〉。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
  5. 李依珊(2009)。〈影響消費者進行線上合購行為之因素研究〉。中原大學資訊管理學系碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
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