Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁導民(2003)。企業實務社群的知識分享與組織學習關係之研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系, 臺北市。
  2. 王為國(2010)。師資生參與實務社群之研究:以「幼稚園課程設計」科目為例。教育理論與實踐學刊,22,1-28。
  3. 林思伶(2004)。析論僕人式/服務(Servant-Leadership)的概念發展與研究。高雄師大學報,教育與社會科學類,16,39-57。
  4. 許秀萍(2010)。Developing a Community of Teacher Learning in a Preschool: The Role of the Director.-一所幼稚園教師學習社群的實踐:園長的角色。新竹教育大學教育學報,27:2,135-168。
  5. 張文軍(1998)。後現代教育 Post-modern education。臺北市:揚智。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王思傑(2013)。組織脈絡下多元實務搭配之研究–以A餐廳為例之行動分析。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-81。
  2. 劉乙儀(2013)。幼兒園教師領導與教師專業發展關係之研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-411。
  3. 郭淑雅(2014)。實務社群成員相互投入之研究-以福智文教基金會嘉義分苑生命教育工作坊為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-152。
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