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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李介至、黃德祥(2002).青少年宗教信仰、生活價值及道德行為之相關研究.彰化師大教育學報,3,25-51。
  2. 李碧霞(2000).中年人運動階段、身體活動及其影響因素之研究∼以臺北市中山區居民為例.未發表博士論文,台北:台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所。
  3. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000).南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究.中華公共衛生雜誌,19(1),50-60。
  4. 宋麗玉(1998).精神病患照顧者之憂鬱程度與其相關因素探討.公共衛生,25(3),181-196。
  5. 胡文郁、邱泰源、釋惠敏、陳慶餘、陳月枝(1999).從醫護人員角度探討癌末病人之靈性需求.臺灣醫學,3(1),8-19。
Times Cited (38) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任芳滿(2014)。志工參與動機、幸福感對其持續涉入之影響-以靈性安適為調節變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-138。 
  2. 許文穎(2012)。青少年憂鬱與自殺傾向之性別差異及其相關因子-短期追蹤研究。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-66。 
  3. 黃鳳玉(2011)。護理人員靈性健康與靈性照顧行為之相關性研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-118。 
  4. 林秀如(2012)。護生實習經驗、社會支持與主觀幸福感相關研究。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-184。 
  5. 古素青(2017)。路跑參與者的靈性健康與幸福感之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2017。1-121。 
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