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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王克陸、彭雅惠、陳美燁,2004,應用隨機前緣成本法於台灣農會信用部之效率評估研究,台灣管理學刊,4卷,1期,43-58。
  2. 王國樑、張美玲、陳麗雪,2009,台灣地方法院管理效率之探討:三階段資料包絡分析法之應用,管理學報,26卷,5期,559-576。
  3. 石林鍠,2008,休閒農業區經營表現與經費使用效率之比較研究,碩士論文,臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所。
  4. 吳庭祥,2005,台灣農會信用部經營效率之研究,碩士論文,臺中健康暨管理學院經營管理研究所。
  5. 呂錦山、楊清喬,2007,物流潛能、競爭優勢與經營績效關係之探討-以國際物流中心業者為例,運輸計畫季刊,36卷,2期,253-278。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳映潔(2015)。科技大學科系經營管理績效之研究-網絡DEA方法之應用。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-68。 
  2. 林明宏(2012)。應用二階段資料包絡分析法於農會信用部經營績效之研究—以高屏地區農會為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2012。1-66。 
  3. 楊湘筑(2011)。應用二階段資料包絡分析法於國際觀光旅館經營績效之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2011。1-78。 
  4. 吳玉仁(2016)。土地整體開發對都市地區農民及農會之影響-以新莊區為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-102。 
  5. 王順發(2013)。臺北地區基層農會經營效率之分析研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-115。 
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