Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文巧 (2012) 運用GIS物種分布模型預測珍稀瀕危植物蘇鐵蕨之空間型態。國立中興大學森林系碩士論文。144頁。
  2. 孔祥璿 (2012) 以葉綠體及核微衛星DNA標記探究台灣水青岡之族群遺傳結構。國立臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所碩士論文。53頁。
  3. 江鴻猷 (2014) 樣本數量對最大熵物種分佈模式(MaxEnt)準確度之影響-以台灣水青岡為例。國立中興大學森林研究所碩士論文。104頁。
  4. 李玲玲 (2008) 氣候變遷下生物多樣性研究的重要性及展望。林業研究專訊 15(2): 20-22。
  5. 吳采諭 (2012) 臺灣繁殖鳥類之空間分布,保護區涵蓋及熱點分析。國立台灣大學生命科學院生態學與演化生物學研究所博士論文。218頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許欣湄(2016)。雪山及南湖大山地區玉山圓柏遺傳分布及遺傳結構之探討。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2016。1-86。
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