Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國體育學會期刊編輯組(2014)。APA文獻引用之中文書寫格式與圖表的呈現。取自www.rocnspe.org.tw/menu_down.php?id=1001
  2. 石淑芬(2009)。公部門員工協助方案之研究(碩士論文)。取自http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/38803
  3. 朱春林(2013)。員工協助方案在臺灣實施的過去、現在與未來:兼論國軍推動EAPs 的可行做法。國防管理學報,34(2),39-62。
  4. 林育正(2008)。員工協助方案對員工幸福感與工作績效之關聯性研究(碩士論文)。取自http://handle.ncl.edu.tw/11296/ndltd/86468555585426618004
  5. 邱登祥(2006)。國營事業推動員工協助方案實施成效之探討–台灣電力公司同心園地之個案研究(碩士論文)。取自http://handle.ncl.edu.tw/ 11296/ndltd/11556045135504507505
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