Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 228 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣經濟研究院生物科技產業研究中心網站http://www.biotaiwan.org.tw/。
  2. 呂依倫、李志仁、李哖,「培養基成分對素心蘭種子無菌發芽之影響」,中國園藝, 第38卷,第161-169頁 (1992)。
  3. 李品臻,「利用病毒唑化學治療生產無病毒之蝴蝶蘭組培苗暨多對引子反轉錄聚合酶連鎖反應檢測辣椒黃化病毒及蝴蝶蘭黃化斑點病毒」,碩士論文,國立中興大學植物病理學系,台中(2010)。
  4. 林子超,「延胡索癒合組織之誘導及細胞懸浮培養之研究」,碩士論文,中國醫藥大學中國藥學研究所,台中 (1998)。
  5. 林瑞松,「蝴蝶蘭葉插組織培養之研究」,中華農業研究, 第29卷,第195-201頁 1981)。
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