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Survey of Eating Habits among 4-12 Year-old Children in Taiwan Area-NAHSIT 1993-1996

國民營養健康狀況變遷調查 (NAHSIT) 1993-1996臺灣地區四至十二歲兒童飲食習慣調查

Abstracts


為了解兒童飲食習慣及其受性別、年齡及居住地區之影響,民國83-85年間舉行的國民營養調查涵蓋四至十二歲兒童飲食習慣之調查。本調查採用分層多段隨機抽樣,於全國七層別二十一個鄉鎮分另於春夏冬三季進行訪問調查,共完成2824個樣本。主要調查結果為:1.八成以上兒童每天吃早餐,一般照顧者認為兒童早餐食慾為普通,大約30-50%兒童自己吃早餐未與家人或其他人共進早餐。大約八成兒童與全家人或父母觀共進晚餐。2.大部份兒童於早、午、晚餐中以吃米飯佔大多數。3.一半以上四至六歲兒童有吃點心零食的習慣,七至十二歲兒童中,經常吃點心零食的比例大幅減少。牛奶及奶製品、清涼飲料蛋糕及西點製品、土司麵包饅頭類為附餐及零食的主要選擇。飲食習慣及攝取之食物受居住地區別影響。

Keywords

飲食習慣 點心 零食 兒童 臺灣

Parallel abstracts


1n order to investigate the eating habits of children in Taiwan and the influence of sex, age and living area on children’s eating habits, a national survey of eating habits was conducted for 4-12 year-old children. In this survey, a stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select samples. The total of 359 counties and cities in Taiwan were divided into seven areas (Hakka area, Mountainous area, East Coast area, Penghu islands, Metropolitan cities, Provincial cities and Urbanization class I townships and Urbanization class II townships). In each area, three counties or cities were randomly sampled. The survey was carried out in spring, summer and winter to control for seasonal variations. About 80% of children ate breakfast everyday. Most (88-98%) of the caregivers felt their children had a fair appetite. About 30-50% of children ate breakfast alone. Nearly 80% of children ate dinner with their families or parents. More than half of 4-6 year-old children often ate additional meal; this was lower for 7-12 year-old children. Milk, soft drinks, cake and sweet food, toast and steamed bread were major choices for additional meals and snacks. Eating habits were influenced by living areas.

Parallel keywords

eating habit snacks additional meal leisure food children Taiwan

Cited by


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王孟茜(2014)。埔里地區國小高年級學生早餐飲食現況調查〔碩士論文,中山醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6834/CSMU.2014.00181
黃明德(2014)。外食頻率及營養因子對於骨質流失之影響—以2004年-2008年台灣國民營養健康狀況變遷調查為對象〔碩士論文,臺北醫學大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6831/TMU.2014.00053
盧惠雯(2019)。桃園市某國中學生健康外食行為及其相關因素之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6345/NTNU201900315
許文娟(2008)。台北縣幼稚園幼童之健康行為調查〔碩士論文,國立臺灣大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://doi.org/10.6342/NTU.2008.10596

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