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高達美論文本意義與詮釋者的關係

On Gadamer's Theory of the Relationship between the Interpreter and the Meaning of Text

Abstracts


在本文中,我要指出,在高達美的詮釋學中,文本意義與詮釋者之間的關係是:本文意義乃是由詮釋者的歷史處境和文本的歷史處境共同產生的。本文首先說明高達美對於「詮釋學循環」(hermeneutical circle)以及他對文本和詮釋者歷史處境的看法。其次,我以高達美有關時間距離(temporal distance)、完整性前概念(fore-conception of completeness)以及視域融合(fusion of horizons)的概念,藉以說明文本的意義是由文本與詮釋者的歷史處境共同產生的。第三,我將探討三種可能的「我─你」關係,並指出唯有採取開放性的「我─你」關係,詮釋者才能與文本達成共識,且此共識依然是文本本身的意義。最後,其實跟他對詮釋學對象和目的的主張有著密切的關連。

Parallel abstracts


In this paper I attempt to show Gadamer’s theory of the relationship between the interpreter and the meaning of text. I shall argue that, for Gadamer, the text’s meaning is always co-produced by the historical situation of the interpreter and that of the text. First, I introduce the Gadamerian concepts of hermeneutical circle and the historical situation of both the interpreter and the text. Second, I argue, in terms of three Gadamerian concepts: temporal distance, fore-conception of completeness, and fusion of horizons, that the text’s meaning is co-produced by the historical situation of the interpreter and that of the text. Third, I analyze three kinds of“I-Thou relation”in order to point out that only with an open“I-Thou relation”can the interpreter and the text reach an agreement, which is also the meaning of the text. Finally, I argue that Gadamer’s theory of the relationship between the interpreter and the meaning of text is in fact grounded on his view of the aim of hermeneutics.

References


Bontekoe, Ronald(1996).Dimensions of the Hermeneutic Circle.Atlantic Highlands, N. J.:Humanaties Press International.
Gadamer, Hans-Georg,Joel Weinsheimer(Trans./ed.),Donald Marshall(1994).Truth and Method.New York:The Continuum Publishing Company.
Heidegger, Martin,J. Macquarrie(Trans.),E. Robinson(1977).Being and Time.New York:Harper.
Kant, Immanuel,Mary Gregor(Trans./ed.)(1964).Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals.New York:Harper.
Palmer, Richard E.(1969).Hermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer.Evanston:Northwestern University Press.

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劉盈君、蔣欣欣(2014)。臨終照護中的實踐智慧護理雜誌61(5),33-42。https://doi.org/10.6224/JN.61.5.33
薛家欣(2008)。創意文本的實踐:當代成人繪本暨繪本化行銷之可行性研究〔碩士論文,國立臺中科技大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0061-1811200915323503
李瑋(2009)。已婚女性空服員的工作與家庭生活策略〔碩士論文,國立臺北大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0023-0209200921353700

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