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臺北市大安區都市空間步行性與社經環境關聯性之探討

The Correlation Between Walkability and Local Social-economic Environment in Da-An District of Taipei City

Abstracts


都市規劃思潮演變下,以人為本的規劃意識提升使都市空間步行環境逐漸受到重視。在步行環境具備吸引空間活動的特性下,將對地區社經環境逐漸產生影響而反映出不同社會群體於空間分布特徵上之差異。各國都市迥異的研究成果使該議題備受關注,惟我國研究探討上仍屬少數。本研究旨在探究都市空間步行性與社經環境之關聯性,並選定步行空間發展成熟且類型多元之臺北市大安區為實證地區,將都市空間步行性透過步行空間、步行需求與步行活動人流所量測,而社經環境由教育程度、綜合所得稅、公告地價及非中低收入戶組成所構成,並運用典型相關分析檢視兩者間之關聯程度。研究成果解析臺北市大安區步行空間特徵下,發現活動人流有集中現象,並證實步行衡量變項與地區社經條件之間為顯著,兩組變項若呈現同方向則為負值之多數結果,為未來都市規劃須關注的課題。

Parallel abstracts


The spatial pedestrian environments in urban areas attached importance to planners contributes from the promotion human-oriented planning concept under the change of planning paradise. When pedestrian environments attracting spatial activities, it could reveal the diversity in social groups and spatial distribution differences. The widely different results in worldwide cities make researchers pay more attention to this issue, and a lack of discussion is shown in domestic research. This purpose of this study is to explore walkability and local social-economic environment in the urban areas of Daan District in Taipei City. The walkability variables include measured by walking space, walking needs, and pedestrian flow data, while the social-economic environment variables contain education, individual income tax, the announced land values, and non-low-income households. The results show that this study has a comprehensive grasp of walking characteristics, such as having different types of walking spaces, and the walking data concentrated on the west side of the district. Moreover, there is a high correlation between urban space walkability and local social-economic environment in Daan District, Taipei City since canonical correlation coefficients of walkability and socioeconomic variables reached a significant level. It should be paid attention to in future urban planning.

References


Chu-Joe Hsla.(1983). Urban Open Spaces: Concepts and Problems of Taipei. JOURNAL OF BUILDING AND PLANNING,2,33-43. doi: 10.6154/JBP.1983.2.003 ()
Tien-Pen Hsu,Chin-Wei Tsao.(2007). A Study of the Comprehensive Level of Service Assessment Model for Pedestrian Space. Journal of Planning,34,89-111. doi: 10.6404/JP.200712.0089
Adkins, A., Makarewicz, C., Scanze, M., Ingram, M., & Luhr, G. (2017). Contextualizing Walkability: Do Relationships Between Built Environments and Walking Vary by Socioeconomic Context? Journal of the American Planning Association, 83(3), 296-314. doi:10.1080/01944363.2017.1322527
Agrawal, A., Schlossberg, M., & Irvin, K. (2008). How Far, by Which Route and Why? A Spatial Analysis of Pedestrian Preference. Journal of Urban Design, 13(1), 81-98. doi:10.1080/13574800701804074
Alfonzo, M. A. (2005). To Walk or Not to Walk? The Hierarchy of Walking Needs. Environment and Behavior, 37(6), 808-836. doi:10.1177/0013916504274016

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