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災難治政:2014年高雄石化氣爆後的尺度政治與不均地理發展

Disaster Politics: Politics of Scale and Uneven Geographical Development after the 2014 Kaohsiung Petrochemical Explosion

Abstracts


2014年7月31日深夜,高雄市發生嚴重的地下石化管線氣爆事件,面對諸多批評,為什麼「這一爆」非但不像陳菊市長自己所說的「政治生涯結束」,反而在發生如此重大意外災難後,弔詭地成就她個人民意支持度的高峰?為了回答這個問題,本文試圖從災難政治學出發,就尺度政治的「施為」及不均地理發展之「結構」視角,建構一個「結構化歷程」的分析架構。研究發現,地方政府運用尺度移轉、尺度跳躍、及再尺度化等「尺度政治」策略動員的災難政治,成功地築起防火牆,避免掉政治責難,進而在政治地位上「鞏固現況」。再者,尺度政治所支持之社會背景,即臺灣經濟發展中「重南輕北」的不均地理發展結構,令地方政府在災難政治中得以強化權力。結論指出,不均地理發展是這次氣爆災難中,各級政府面對臺灣發展更需要重視的課題。

Parallel abstracts


On July 31, 2014, a series of serve gas explosions occurred at the center of Kaohsiung city. Despite public rebukes for the city government's poor performance of disaster management, the support to Mayor Chen, contrary to her own catastrophic expectation, remained strong. This study attempts to analyze the phenomenon from perspectives of disaster politics. A framework of structuration in which power is illustrated as an outcome of the interaction between the "agency" of politics of scale and the social "structure" of uneven geographic development is introduced. It is concluded that strategies of scale shifting, jumping and rescaling in politics of scale adopted by the city government to mobilize disaster politics have successfully built a firewall to avoid political culpability, and thus retained the political position of "accelerated status." Furthermore, Taiwan’s "north-south divide" on uneven geographical development might have constituted a structural social background to enhance the power of local government in disaster politics. This explosion disaster seems to suggest that "uneven geographical development" would be a more salient issue for the government to tackle for further economic development.

References


〈陳菊今為市府橫向連繫不足道歉〉,2014,《聯合報》,2014/8/7:A3版。
三立民調中心,2014,〈高雄氣爆 中央與地方誰危機處理能力好?〉,三立新聞網:http://www.setn.com/News.aspx?NewsID=34733。2014/8/11。
今日新聞政治中心,2014,〈楊秋興緊追陳菊氣爆有無按摩:妳在怕什麼?〉,今日新聞:http://www.nownews.com/n/2014/10/01/1437107。2014/10/1。
方家敏,2014,〈學者認應追究陳菊 氣爆事件責任〉, 《台灣醒報》,2014/8/6:A2-1版。
王文誠(2011)。反身性的社區營造:實踐性的地理學想像。都市與計劃。38(1),1-29。

Cited by


廖昱凱、簡旭伸(2019)。地理學中的量體轉向:領土立體化、地球物理政治與環境中的情感氛圍地理學報(92),1-29。https://doi.org/10.6161/jgs.201904_(92).0001
張峻豪(2021)。我國社區政策的雙軌性與調適可能:以桃米社區、南埔社區、土溝社區為例國立臺灣科技大學人文社會學報17(4),421-439。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=18197205-202112-202112130011-202112130011-421-439

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