Have library access?
IP:3.236.143.154
  • Theses

性別與婚姻對都市階層遷移決策之影響-並探討年度間之差異

The effects of gender and marriage on migration decisions of urban hierarchy: A cross-year analysis.

Advisor : 張慈佳

Abstracts


台灣每個都市發展程度並不相同,由產業型態轉變下,人口聚集方式隨著改變,早期農業社會的鄉村人口,漸漸遷移到發展完善、工作機會較多的都會區。本研究探討台灣地區,性別、婚姻、個人屬性特徵與都市階層之關係。依照「中華民國統計地區標準分類」,將各鄉鎮市區劃分為「都會區」、「都市化地區」與「一般鄉鎮」三類都市階層。針對因為工作而遷移的受訪者,本研究期望了解,女性在選擇遷入各都市階層時,其遷移行為是否有別於男性;而已婚者是否因為家庭因素與未婚者之遷移行為有所差異。藉由不同年度相關資料的比較,探討遷移行為在時間上的變化。 本研究運用2007、1992年的「台灣地區國內遷徙調查」並透過Limdep軟體進行多項羅吉特模型分析。實證結果發現男女因找工作而遷移,其遷移決策是有差異的,女性,較不會選擇遷入人口多、工作機會多且競爭力較強的高都市階層之「都會區」,兩個年度比較下也發現,近年男性更傾向遷入都是階層較高的都會區,推論為台灣城鄉差距拉大的關係。

Parallel abstracts


The urban developments of each city in Taiwan are different. There are changes in population aggregation, people are gradually moving to well-developed urban areas with higher job opportunities. This study explores the relationship between Taiwanese region, gender, marital status, personal attributes and urban hierarchy. The township will be divided into the three urban hierarchy of “metropolitan area”, “urbanized area”, and “general village and towns”. For people who migrate because of work, this study wishes to understand whether there are differences in behaviors between women and men when moving into urban hierarchy, and whether family factors cause a difference for married people in migration decisions when compared to single people. Relevant data throughout the years will be used for comparison, to further explore the migration behaviors over time. The results reveal that there is a difference in work migration policy between men and women. Women are less likely to move into an urban area of large population and high job opportunities. Due to family ties, the decision of moving is given to men. A comparison of two years reveal that, in recent years men are more inclined to move into metropolitan area with higher classes; it is deduced to be the main reason of the gap growth between Taiwanese urban and rural areas.

References


洪嘉瑜、銀慶貞(2008)。台灣人口遷移屬性與動機的變化。東吳經紀商學學報,61,31-61。
梁巧轉(1996)。性別與企業管理。婦女與兩性研究通訊,41,19-22。
陳建志(2001)。台灣地區就業市場收入性別差異之探討。教育與社會研究,2,123-154。
陳建志(2002)。人力資本差異或性別歧視?就業市場性別階層化之探討。人類社會科學集刊,91(9),363-407。
張慈佳、胡海豐(2006)。夢想的代價:區域間人口遷移決策之研究。人文社會科學集刊,18(3),417-441。

Read-around