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  • Theses

網際網路與國際貿易

Internet and International Trade

Advisor : 朱珊瑩

Abstracts


網際網路成為一個普遍被使用的重要資訊與通訊技術,這樣的新技術使得經濟成長,網際網路同時也可增加經濟上國際貿易的進行。本論文使用國內生產毛額與距離做為解釋變數,以貿易引力理論與交易成本理論為背景,使用來自國際貨幣基金、世界銀行與法國國際金融中心的變數資料,執行 F檢定與LM檢定,用以確認普通最小平方法、隨機效果模型與固定效果模型哪一種模型為最適切追蹤資料。經實證證明,網際網路在國際貿易扮演著正向且顯著的角色。

Parallel abstracts


The Internet has gradually become a widely used information and communication technology, this new technology accelerates economic development, the Internet also can increase economic international trade. This paper uses GDP and distance as explanatory variables, with transaction cost theory and gravity theory in the background, using the data comes fro the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and CEPII data base, we performed F Test and LM Test to define OLS, random effect model and fixed effect model which model is the best panel data model. We found evidence that Internet plays a positive and signification role in the international trade.

References


楊凱茹 (2012) 「網際網路、所得階層與國際經濟發展」,私立中原大學國際經營與貿易學研究所碩士在職專班論文。
Albuquerque R., Loayza N., and Serven L. (2005), “World Market Integration Through the Lens of Foreign Direct Investment,” Journal of International Economics. 66. 267-295.
Anderson, J.E. (1979), “A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation,” The American Economic Review, vol. 26, 1, 106-116.
Baldwin R. (2006), “Multilateralising Regionalism: Spaghetti Bowls as Building Blocks on the Path to Global Free Trade,” The World economy, 29(11), 1451-1518.
Bergstrand, J.H. (1985), “The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 67, 3, 474-481.

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