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以健康信念模式探討大學生接種流感疫苗意圖之影響因素

Factors associated with university students' intention of influenza vaccination: A Health Belief Model approach

Abstracts


本研究以健康信念模式探討大學生接種流感疫苗意圖之影響因素,受測大學生爲103學年度在學之大學學生,以結構式問卷進行調查,於臺北市三所大學進行取樣,得有效問卷共計629份。重要結果如下:一、受測大學生流感自覺罹患性,流感自覺嚴重度,流感疫苗接種自覺行動利益皆屬中上程度,流感疫苗接種自我效能,流感疫苗接種意圖屬中等程度。二,受測大學生流感自覺罹患性,流感疫苗接種自我效能與流感疫苗接種意圖呈顯著正相關,而流感疫苗接種自覺行動障礙與流感疫苗接種意圖呈顯著負相關。三,流感自覺罹患性,流感疫苗接種自我效能,親友建議接種,曾上網搜尋流感疫苗相關訊息,過去曾接種流感疫苗能有效預測大學生流感疫苗接種意圖。根據研究結果,建議學校與政府單位在宣導流感疫苗接種上可著重提升學生流感罹患性感知,流感疫苗接種自我效能,搜尋流感資訊之電子健康素養,及鼓勵學生多與親友討論流感疫苗接種。

Parallel abstracts


The present study aimed to examine factors related to influenza vaccination intention among university students. A total of 629 valid self-administered questionnaires were collected from three universities in Taipei. The major findings were as follows. 1. University students had middle-high levels of perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness of influenza, and middle levels of perceived benefits and self-efficacy of influenza vaccination. 2. University students' perceived susceptibility of influenza and self-efficacy was positively associated with influenza vaccination intention, while perceived barriers of influenza vaccination was negatively associated with influenza vaccination intention. 3. Perceived influenza susceptibility, influenza vaccination self-efficacy, receiving advices from family and friends, and searching online influenza information were significant associated with influenza vaccination intention. According to the results, it was suggested that schools and governments could strengthen influenza susceptibility messages, and e-health literacy to promote influenza vaccination. Parents and friends could discuss influenza vaccination with students.

References


教育部(2015)。https://stats.moe.gov.tw
衛生福利部疾病管制署(2015a)。http://www.cdc.gov.tw/qa.aspx?treeid=5784355BFD011A1C&nowtreeid=3BE6F1D3C0663416(上網查詢時間:104/12/24 17:36)
衛生福利部疾病管制署(2015b)。103年度流感疫苗接種計畫成果。http://www.cdc.gov.tw/professional/list.aspx?treeid=beac9c103df952c4&nowtreeid=a4c431743aaa081f
衛生福利部疾病管制署(2016b)。http://www.cdc.gov.tw/qa.aspx?treeid=5784355bfd011a1c&nowtreeid=c9f4604adf008d60
衛生福利部疾病管制署(2016c)。傳染病統計資料查詢系統。http://nidss.cdc.gov.tw/ch/Default.aspx?op=2&treeid=1F07E8862BA550CF&nowtreeid=F7AED6781DEEC68D

Cited by


李沅旂、陳碧玉、張緁葳、陳瑞忻(2021)。提升血液透析病患流感疫苗施打率之改善專案彰化護理28(3),36-48。https://doi.org/10.6647/CN.202109_28(3).0007

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