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不同高齡者活動參與類型之休閒效益體驗差異分析

The Leisure Benefits of the Different Activity Types for Elderly

Abstracts


本研究主要以時間日記法的概念實施,目的:一、瞭解高齡者活動參與類型;二、瞭解高齡者休閒效益體驗情形;三、探討高齡者不同活動參與類型對休閒效益體驗之差異。方法:以自編問卷量表對臺南市西港區及新北市板橋區年滿65歲以上之高齡者進行隨機抽樣,並選取398名對象進行調查。結果:高齡者之活動參與類型主要可歸類三群:一、在家視聽娛樂群;二、走路身體活動群;三、廣泛參與群。普遍休閒效益體驗皆達中等以上知覺程度,且以心理效益最高。廣泛參與群之休閒效益體驗顯著高於在家視聽娛樂群與走路身體活動群。結論:應用時間日記法能有效測量高齡者之活動參與情形。高齡者參與休閒活動較注重於心理層面的需求,其可增添生活娛樂、獲得滿足感,以及心靈慰藉。透過廣泛參與的方式,使高齡者能接觸到多元化且不受限制距離的活動,以增進其生理、心理及社交效益。

Parallel abstracts


The study used the concept of time diaries. Purpose: 1. To understand the elders' activity types. 2. To understand the leisure benefits for elders. 3. To explore the effect for difference activity types to leisure benefits for elders. Method: The study randomly selected participants from the elders who were over 65 years old in Shigang and Banciao in Taiwan. Results: The study applied the cluster analysis to classify recreational patterns into 3 clusters which were: 1. Entertainment at home. 2. Physical activities within walking distance. 3. Extensively participants. Most of all leisure benefit the elders perceived were higher than average, and psychological effect was the highest. The leisure benefits of the cluster of extensively participants were significantly higher than the cluster of entertainment at home and the cluster of walking physical activities. Conclusion: Applying time diaries could effectively measure the activity types of elders. The psychological demand was important for elders. It could help the elders to acquire entertain daily life, increase satisfied, and feel comfort. Through extensively participate, the elders could touch more multicultural and activity without distance.

References


石恒星、洪聰敏(2006)。身體活動與大腦神經認知功能老化。臺灣運動心理學報。8,35-63。
江正發、周財勝(2006)。老年人休閒活動型態之分析。大專體育。87,133-137。
呂美鈴(2003)。老年人健康狀況、身體活動與功能性體適能相關之探討(碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學。
呂惠富(2008)。休閒運動之參與動機與休閒效益關係之研究。休閒產業管理學刊。1(1),41-53。
李晶()。

Cited by


姚大偉(2012)。國小高年級學童體育課程自評學習成效對運動休閒參與特性影響之研究〔碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學〕。華藝線上圖書館。https://www.airitilibrary.com/Article/Detail?DocID=U0021-1610201315274270

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