Relevant Research of the Lifestyle and Quality of Life of the Elderly in Taiwan Community
老年人 ； 健康狀況 ； 生活型態 ； 生活品質 ； elderly ； health status ； lifestyle ； quality of life
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The main purpose of this research is to find out about the relationship between lifestyle and quality of life of the elderly in Taiwan. It also focuses on the factors that influence quality of life. The materials are based on the data of the Nutrition and Health Survey of the elderly in Taiwan 1999-2000, and the number of samples amount to 1937 elderly over 65 years old. The result of study shows that the health status of elderly is quite well. Their diet is usually rice, noodles, vegetables, and fruits. According to the factor analysis, there are five dietary patterns: desserts, healthy food, meat、fish and milk, soybean food, coffee and egg, which explains 50.11% of the variation. Physical activity and sleep quality are in the middle level, and addictive behavior is not serious. For the qulaity of life, the highest is body pain and social function; the lowest is general health and vitality. According to the cluster analysis, there are three kinds of lifestyle. The first is that they always eat a lot of different kinds of food. Their health is better; the sex drive of males is higher; the average age is younger; the education level is higher; having job experience is higher; living with a spouse is more likely and their ecnonmic status and quality of life is better. The second is that they always eat very few kinds of food. Their health is worse; the average of males and females is half and half; the average age is older; the education level is lower; having job experience is lower; living with a spouse is lower and ecnonmic status and quality of life is worse. The last lifestyle is that they like to eat the desserts, demography variation, health status, and quality of life are between the other two kinds of lifestyle. The directly influencing factors for high quality of life are categorized as follows: the difference in the male's population; lower age; higher education; having job experience and having enough money for retirement. The health status is better, the quality of life is higher. Healthy dietary; physical activity and good sleep result in better quality of life. The health department should improve the health status and lifestyle as a key point, when they makes a plan for improve the elderly quality of life. They should consider the female first, then age, the education level, the job experience and ecnonmic status.
教育學院 > 人類發展與家庭學系