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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宏文,2014,〈臺灣食品安全管理制度及執行之研究〉,公共政策與法律研究中心102年度研究計畫案期末報告(編號:CPPL102-5)。
  2. 王姿惠、刁儷雅、林豐瑞,2012,〈產品屬性、品牌形象、消費情境影響滿意度之研究-以具認驗證標章之生鮮農產品為例〉,《農業推廣文彙》,57:39-58。
  3. 王禕梵、洪愷伶、王宏文,2016,〈臺灣不同類型之農產品地理標示制度的執行成效與影響因素〉,《行政暨政策學報》,63:1-44。
  4. 卓仕文,2011,〈臺灣農會政治角色的歷史變遷〉,《大葉大學通識教育學報》,8:37-52。
  5. 林可凡、胡太山、解鴻年、賈秉靜,2012,〈地方產業群聚之演化-以新竹地區為例〉,《建築與規劃學報》,13(1):45-74。
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