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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王一雄。2007。紅火蟻防治用藥高劑量使用對土壤生態環境之衝擊。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫期中進度報告。
  2. 石正人。2008。入侵紅火蟻教育研究網及土棲生物相調查。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。台灣大學機構典藏。
  3. 李昆龍、顏辰鳳、鄒慧娟、郭克忠。2008。我國防治入侵紅火蟻之措施與成效。農政與農情 191:54-48。
  4. 林沛晨、楊懿如、林德恩。2017。以社會資本探討路殺社的經營。第27屆中華民國環境教育學術暨實務交流國際研討會。
  5. 林宗岐。2004。入侵紅火蟻之緊急防治措施。興大農業 51:1-8。
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