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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bob McTague and George Jergeas.(2002).“Productivity Improvements on Alberta Major Construction Project”Construction Productivity Improvement Report/Project Evaluation Tool.
  2. Clark A. Cory.(2001).“Utilization of 2D, .3D, or 4D CAD in Construction Communication Documentation”, Department of Computer Graphics Technology.
  3. H.J. Wang.(2004).“4D dynamic management for construction planning andresource utilization”, Automation in Construction Volume 13, Issue 5, September 2004, Pages 575-589.
  4. K.W. Chau.(2004). “4D dynamic construction management and visualization software: 1. Development”, Automation in Construction Volume 14, Issue 4, August 2005, Pages 512-52.
  5. K. W. Chau,M. Anson and J. P. Zhang.(2004). “Four-Dimensional Visualization of Construction Scheduling and Site Utilization”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE,Volume 130, Issue 4, pp. 598-606
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃志豪(2010)。應用三維空間套圖在科技廠房機電工程施工之研究。交通大學工學院碩士在職專班工程技術與管理組學位論文。2010。1-79。 
  2. 許君豪(2016)。導入沉浸式虛擬實境技術於高科技廠房之施工管理。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-59。 
  3. 謝濟安(2014)。資源導向排程模擬-以半導體廠下部結構工程為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2014。1-47。 
  4. 游伯堅(2012)。潔淨室施工應用線性平衡法之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2012。1-127。 
  5. 林明煌(2011)。營建專案排程土建與機電系統關連研究-以梯廳工程為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。 
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