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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 189 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑貞、張智容、范聖育、王英偉、章淑娟、石世明、心蓮病房團隊(2012) •圓滿人生-預立醫療自主計畫:給自己選擇最好的照護.花蓮:財團法人佛教慈濟綜合醫院。
  2. 王詩盈(2010)•老人的醫療自主性意願及其相關影響因素探討.未發表的碩士論文.台北:國立台灣大學學院護理學系研究所。
  3. 王碧霜、黃淑玲(2009).新移民女性的敘事文本及其教育意涵.師資培育與教師專業發展期刊,2(2),59-76。
  4. 王夫子(2000).孔子及其儒家學派的生死觀.中華禮儀,6,1-4。
  5. 王永會(1998).簡論道教與佛教生死觀的差異.宗教哲學,4(4),150-157。
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