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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德睦、李大正(2009)〈臺灣的存活曲線矩型化與壽命延長〉,《人口學刊》,第38期,頁1-31。
  2. 呂宗學、陳宜冠、陳愛娣、黃玲娟、李孟智與周明智(1996)〈臺東縣原住民死亡率分析〉,《公共衛生雜誌》23(1):27-38。
  3. 李大正(2010)〈人口老化與全民健保支出:死亡距離取向的分析〉,中正大學社會福利研究所博士論文。
  4. 李蘭、陸玓玲、李隆安、黃美維,潘怜燕與鄧肖琳(1995)〈臺灣地區成人的健康行為探討:分布情形、因素結構和相關因素〉,《中華衛誌》14(4):358-368。
  5. 林昆樂(2006)〈臺灣地區石化工業之環境成本研究〉,成功大學都市計劃研究所。
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